Once the floss fluffs out like the one in the lower left, it is harder to remove from the seed. All our plants are native plants and the butterflies just love the dwarf butterfly bushes and coneflowers. good luck! Seeds have been de-fluffed. You can store the seed in envelopes, paper bags, or even plastic bags if the seed was fully dry. Fall-sown seed will be naturally stratified outside. I hope I did the right thing. You can place a few inches of straw or leaf mulch over the area to keep the soil from drying out. Before the ground freezes or before your first big snowstorm. I have no idea what kind they are and never saw any flowers on them. How likely is it that seed bombing in these areas (which vary from dry to semi-swampy and are covered with wild growth) will succeed? We live north of Tulsa, very warm climate. MY QUESTION: our soil is heavy with clay and was previously a pine tree forest. Follow the steps on this post for fall planting. I want to split my swamp milkweed plants, so I have plenty next summer. I have harvested seed pods and they are in a paper bag. Hi Tony, I planted a ton of milkweed seeds this past fall all over my 1 acre back yard. I bought the plant in a garden center and it has shed its fluffy seeds once already. Active Interest Media Holdco, Inc. © Copyright 2020. I live in Raleigh, NC (zone 7). I also found that the flowers smelled like ‘lilacs! Hi Tony! You can plant them in seed trays, peat pots, small pots or any other container that allows for water drainage. I planted in small pots that I covered with garden fabric and put in a sheltered spot in my garden in November. If you’ve been thinking about planting fall milkweed this season, Valentine Gift Ideas for a Butterfly Lover, Start or Improve your Monarch Butterfly Garden, Butterfly Garden Book for Monarchs- Instant Download, Top Tools, Supplies, and Resources for Raising Monarch Butterflies, 10 Simple Steps for Fall Planting Milkweed. Milkweed Seeds will benefit from a 30 day period of cold moist stratification, allowing you a much higher germination rate. Hi Janis, you only have to transplant if your seedlings are competing for space and crowding each other out. Why is fall planting milkweed a good idea? Anymore suggestions..I’m a rookie. We grow many types of plants native to the Eastern U.S. and make hand made goods from reclaimed and natural materials. Who Knew! We had a lot of success using 2-liter soda bottles doing this last season: For soil amending, you can always mix in a little compost before planting. 7. Put your seeds into a small bowl and bring out to planting area. Thank you for this helpful post. Common milkweed plants grow to about 2 to 4 feet in height, with a thin, vertical growth habit. If they’re annual seeds, plant closer to your avg last frost. Depending on the size of your area, you can either remove existing growth by hand and then rake the soil up before planting, or use a rototiller. I plan to make a special Monarch garden in the Spring. Stratification is when a seed is moistened, chilled or frozen and thawed, breaking down germination inhibitors on the seed coat, such as waxes, hormones, oils or heavy coats. i have someone in the neighborhood that sells milkweed and is a habitat if the monarchs, i live in southern california where it never rains, tee hee yet we got 1/2″ yesterday but don’t know when we will get any rain again. So I always took care of any milkweeds that ‘appeared in my yard. Where do I buy the seeds? What are my options for getting rid of these insects? Is that OK? Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w ----- How to Grow Milkweed From Seeds. I have sprinkled common milkweed seeds on top of the soil in a large planter, and unknowingly spilled seeds on the ground. I have ruberbanded them, )but will the seeds that have escaped grow again next year. By mulch, I was referring to wood mulches that a seed might get lodged under when planting. If you’re planting milkweed seeds in spring, you will want to wrap the seeds in damp paper towel and chill them. . SHOULD I PLANT MID NOVEMBER, late or early November? In fall it’s best to sow native milkweed seeds, or at least varieties that can be grown perennially in your region. Then I heard monarch butterflies could only eat milkweed, then I heard their ‘ranks’ were dwindling…. This will be my 1st time planting milkweed as a host for monarchs, swallowtails, etc. Exposing seeds to cool temperatures before the warmer temps of spring will cause them to break their dormancy coaxing out your new spring seedlings. It’s best to separate them right away, let the seeds dry, then store for the winter or plant: Hi Tony, thank you for being so accessible. This is the first year harvesting milkweed seeds for replanting. The seeds do not seem to be doing anything. The pods on both my milkweed and butterfly weed plants are beginning to open so I’ve gently tied them shut in order so the seeds won’t fly away. If you plant seeds now, they will be ready to support monarchs until next season. I thought I would scrap up areas on this hills side where the other three grew and see if I can get more to grow next year. Perhaps this is why milkweeds in my little seaside community are decreasing? The only plants are the ones that established themselves last year (3 or so). Will milkweed grow here? I live near St. Paul, MN. Aphids are a problem for butterfly gardeners everywhere. You don’t want to plant too shallow or the seeds could get “relocated” or washed away. If you’re going to do that, winter sowing is a better option because the seeds germinate faster in protective containers: how deep tony? Alternatively, you can plant the seed directly into the garden if you like. I never like to put all our milkweed seeds in one basket. I raised 24 butterflies this year and have gathered lots of seed from other sources for myself and many friends that have become interested in at least helping to provide more habitat for the Monarchs. I put them in a screened 2′ tall cage with milkweed, and 5 have formed a chrysalis . There’s also ‘hello yellow’ which has sunny yellow flowers. Dampen your soil with a spray bottle full of water and place 1-2 seeds into each 2" container. These varieties include tropical milkweed, swan milkweed, goose plant, and giant milkweed. If you still need to collect milkweed seeds from your garden or local milkweed patch, check out this article to how to harvest milkweed seeds. I will be starting seedlings indoors this winter. Is that advisable? Please note that you should always ask permission before harvesting seeds from private land, and of course seeds should never be removed from state parks or national forests. That way squirrels and other critters are less likely to dig up the seeds…definitely before the ground freezes and before the first big snowstorm. Place mix and seeds in a box, can, glass jar with perforated lid, plastic bag, or other container that provides aeration. They are not buried in nature–they just float through the air and land on the ground. As far as ‘planting’ goes, I would pull the stalks out by the base, they usually didn’t take up much root, and collected all these ‘fronds of seed-pods and go around all the empty lots around my house and wave them around spreading those ‘parachutes’ willy nilly! I will also plant a few outside in Nov like you said. Plant seeds directly in a garden bed in the fall to cold-treat outdoors. Will those be ok to plant like this? I had a ton of aphids and used soapy water on them let it dry and washed off with a hose did this two times and they were gone after that.. Hi. The milkweed I have that is native to my area is asclepias tuberosa. The seeds are planted in raised garden plots due to clay soil. Grip the floss end of the cluster with one hand and gently remove the seeds from the floss with the other hand, brushing them off into a bowl. Consider planting milkweed varieties that are native to your region for best results. Growing Milkweed From Seed: To start milkweed from seed, the easiest way is to emulate Mother Nature and plant them in the fall. Plant the seedlings between 6 and 24 inches apart. Before planting the seeds, soak them in warm water for 24 hours to ensure that moisture breaks through their hard shells and reaches their tiny embryos. Keep in mind that seeds have a range … Water the area frequently after planting until plants become established. Hi Roy, I would plant them outside now, as they are cold hardy to zone 3. Appreciate any thoughts you might have. Consider putting down chicken wire to deter squirrels or other pesky critters from digging up your new milkweed patch. Vegetables harvested in the school gardens will be served in the school cafeterias. Indoors, you can mimic this by placing the seeds in the fridge for several weeks before sowing them. Otherwise they can also be stratified indoors: You might also want to try winter sowing in containers as a winter school project. Monarch butterflies favorite. Thank you! Milkweed seeds require stratification to germinate. There is a cultivar that is supposed to grow better in clay, ‘gay butterflies’ which is supposed to be multi-colored…the only difference I’ve noticed is it blooms a little later. Hello Nancy, thankfully most raising practices are universal. Can I just put the seeds right in the ground under the turf, or do I need to pull out or turn over the grass? Last week I harvested 50 milkweed pods and dried out the seeds. Build a Butterfly and Pollinator Garden in 7 Steps Thanks! Plant milkweed —  it’s the sole food source for monarch caterpillars and is attractive to many pollinators for its nectar-rich flowers. I’m getting some milkweed pods from a friend this week so I can plant some in my yard. Spring seed planting. Clear away any mulch or rocks from the area which could potentially block the growth of a small seedling. We then rototill and use hoes to work 8 inches of shredded leaves into the soil. Hi Bonnie, November is a great time to plant your swamp seeds…they will get natural cold stratification over the winter. Step 3: Carefully remove the milkweed seed cluster. If you really want to start your seeds in the spring, first you must break their dormancy with cold stratification, which we cover in our guide for starting milkweed from seed. The long, oblong leaves are light green and grow to about 8 inches long. Thank you! Hi Veronica, it depends on your location, where you planted, and spring spring weather. If you plan to grow your own milkweeds, or add milkweeds to your current site, you can collect seeds when the milkweed pods are ready to burst (this occurs in the fall in the northern U.S.). Once the milkweed seeds have been stratified for at least 30 days, they are ready to be planted indoors in preparation for being planted outdoors once the weather is amenable. Also, any area dug up in autumn is prime real estate for critter exploration and digging…glad you have been lucky. Step 1: Harvest seed pod from milkweed plant. It’s also easy to collect milkweed seed (be sure to ask property owners first) and start it yourself. I want to make a butterfly garden and live in northern oklahoma. The main differences in warm weather regions are that you have a longer season and some different milkweed options. the children will help compost the soil with ground maple leaves. Thanks for sharing this Mary…please let us know how your experiment works out! (Manchester, NH) I’ve located another field with hundreds of milkweed plants that have lost their leaves but pods have not yet opened. How To Harvest Milkweed Seeds: All of the Facts, None of the Fluff. Once you have collected seeds, remove them from the pods and store them in an airtight container in a cool and dry environment (such as a basement or garage) until you are ready to use them. A lot of it. I have a Troybilt rototiller to do the difficult cultivating . Do I have to remove the fluff from the seeds or can I leave it on? You’re talking about the one by the fingernail right? [CDATA[ (function(d, s, id) { var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; if (d.getElementById(id)) return; js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; js.src = "//forms.aweber.com/form/00/1093012500.js"; fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); }(document, "script", "aweber-wjs-y3yb6co95"));
// ]]> Filed Under: Butterfly Garden Ideas, Milkweed Garden Ideas, Minnesota Garden Ideas, Plant Propagation Tagged With: asclepias viridis, fall planting guide, how to gardening, november gardening, spider milkweed, winter gardening. In order to achieve that, you need to either winter-sow the seed (at least by March 1 for most zones) or simulate the ‘winter’ by utilizing the refrigerator. When to Plant Milkweed seeds can be sown outdoors after the danger of frost has passed. I do that every year in my own garden. Plant seedlings outside in a sunny spot when they have 3 to 4 sets of leaves and the ground is warm. I live in MA and have a lot of milkweed seed I was planning on scattering this fall. First knuckle? Just be sure to poke holes in the containers so excess water can drain off. Keep the soil moist by misting, but seeds can rot if allowed to sit in soggy soil. I wouldn’t worry about watering, Tony. SQUIRRELS? Repeat this process for each seed you are planting. Warm weather milkweeds, which are annuals for most of us, do not require this cold treatment. there are many different species of milkweed you can plant in your garden both native, and non-native. Common milkweed grows in zones 4-9, and reaches a height of about three feet. I’m in zone 4/5 in Ottawa Canada and had saved some seeds from last year. Milkweed seeds should be planted in the fall. For seeds you could also try winter sowing: I’d like to plant milkweed (and other native wildflowers) in an area that is currently grass. It’s always a good idea to try a couple different propagation methods to see which one you have the most success with. If you are doing an outdoor stratification, you can skip this step. Harvest milkweed seedpods in late summer between August and September, depending upon your climate. We have a small hill on the side of my driveway and three milkweed plants grew there. I’ve seen pictures where it looks bush like, and didn’t know if this was a single plant or multiple plants close together. What would be nice is hearing about raising Monarchs in other parts of the country, too. Identification. I’m lost. Hi Tony I just received on(9/29) 50 Ice ballet swamp milkweed seeds that are stratified. The brown dried pod in the upper left is just beginning to split open  —  perfect to harvest the seed. You can buy milkweed plants at your local garden center or a nursery that sells native plants, but they’re also very easy to start from seed. Learn how to separate seeds without making a fluffy, white mess! Thank You! Hi Nina, the only treatment native milkweed seeds need is cold moist stratification, which they should get naturally through a cold, snowy northeastern winter. Step 4: Separate seeds from milkweed floss. I’d like to leave the grass until the flowers get started so I can avoid all the weeds taking seed on the open dirt. I just milkweed seeds I never planted them before, but I’m not new to gardening but I must admit this is LEAVING me a little unnerved. Given time and reasonable respite from caterpillars, pink swamp milkweed can reach 2-3 feet tall. Hey, I know you! Fall is upon us and it’s time to harvest your milkweed seeds. It’s currently May 21 — is it just too early, or is milkweed really this hard to grow?! Use the distance between the tips of each digit for approximate spacing. Germination takes 7 to 10 days. The children will also be making bird and butterfly houses to put in these gardens. someone said no more than a pencil eraser, but alas i have not had good luck when i plant the seeds. Can you describe what the milkweed looks like when it’s blooming? These are some of your milkweed options: going to try to plant some seeds today have lots and lots of seeds, i already put some in the ground the ? Learn more about prechilling seeds before planting. Common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca seeds. Thanks for that question…I’m looking to plant some this year.. That is a low maintenance method for saving milkweed seeds. Did you know you should sow these perennial seeds in fall? It’s not a method I have used in our garden. Do I need to keep them in the refrigerator or since they are already stratified can they be kept at room temp until I plant them in 3 or 4 months? Yes, some milkweed will seed if you just let it fly, but you won’t know where it’s going to end up, and the germination rate will be much lower than if you actually plant it. Hi Donna, if the temps inside are comparable, it should work…good luck! If you miss the window of opportunity for fall planting, winter sowing milkweed seeds is also an option. After clearly labeling the sealed bag as \"milkweed seeds\" and dating it, place it in a refrigerator for 10 to 12 weeks. It’s just been lawn up to when I start digging. Recently bought 2 swamp milkweeds, live in Montana plants are 2ft tall Have been keeping them inside, should they stay inside over winter or transplant outside and cut them back? Water your newly planted milkweeds daily for at least two weeks during the dry season (October-May) until the roots are established. Only one plant got one pod! The stems and lea… At least that seems like a good idea. If you wanted to plant now, you could put chicken wire over the area and remove when it gets colder….good luck! This gives you a nice head start the following spring. $10.00 Whorled milkweed seed, Asclepias verticillata. Consider putting down chicken wire to deter squirrels or other pesky critters from digging up your new milkweed patch. Chill in a refrigerator at least 30 days. Do I still have to cold stratify my butterfly milkweed seeds if I plant them in fall or winter? Smaller groupings are less prone than mass plantings to insect or parasite infestations or predators. Hi Patricia, tuberosa is just one milkweed that is native to your region. If you transplant between June and September, the daily rains should take care of watering for you. Should I refrigerate or freeze my seeds for early Spring planting? Hi Jeri, I prefer planting regular seeds because you can space them out. My question is, since most of our plants are either in large containers or 4 x 2 boxes, can the milkweed be planted in a large container? Plant into containers, if desired, and place under a grow light inside about six weeks before soil temperatures outside have warmed. Hope this helps: HI, I`M GOING TO START OFF WITH PLANTING MY COMMON MILKWEEDS IN MY HOUSE AFTER THEY HAVE BEEN IN THE COLD FOR ABOUT 8 WEEKS AND THEN PLANT THEM OUT SIDE.I WAS JUST WONDERING IF THEY WILL BE TALL ENOUGH FOR THE MONARCHS NEXT YEAR AND ABLE HOW LONG BEFORE THEY START TO BLOOM. 8. Good luck! When emerging milkweeds have three to four sets of leaves, thin seedlings to 6 inches apart. Want to help stop the decline of monarch butterfly populations and bring more of these fluttering beauties back into your garden? Plant them in full sun in groups of three to six spaced 6 to 24 inches apart scattered around your garden. Monarch Butterfly Kits to Raise Caterpillars into Butterflies, 25 Milkweed Plant Ideas for North American Butterfly Gardens. Exposure of seeds to cold temperatures and moist conditions during winter will stimulate germination. …………….In reference to the milkweed seeds. Love your site by the way. I grew both types in 10″ pots this season. I live in SW Connecticut and will go get a hand ful of Milkweed seeds from a local sanctuary, I plan to plant them this November with some pre schoolers. The Common Milkweed is a 3.5 acre nature preserve, wildlife haven, wildflower farm, land lab and folk art studio in North Central Ohio. I also planted zinnias and parsley next to the milkweed. In cold climates, plant seeds directly into the ground in autumn. I will be so excited to see them pop up in spring. Good luck! You might try planting in a couple different area to see where the plants thrive. Thanks so much, Nina. What would you advise? 1. I have been told it is hard to grow from seed and want to try to do it and also share seed with friends. Place mulch around the seedlings to conserve soil moisture and prevent excessive weed growth around the milkweed plants. – Does butterfly weed form a single stalk or multiple stalks? We are about to have a cold snap 34-28 degrees over the next few days. All rights reserved. I purchased milkweed that are sapose to be. I live in Northern Illinois and have some property with areas available for milkweed planting. Perennials die back for the winter but the root system survives to produce new plants in spring. How to Grow Milkweed Plant. You could also put off planting until just before the ground freezes or before your first major snowstorm. As well as got the seed pods that appeared later. Milkweed plants benefit from vernalization, a process of cold treatment, before sprouting. – Are there particular cultivars ( if there is such thing) of orange butterfly weed and if so is there one that stands out? It’s the plant we’re most familiar with seeing growing in the wild. Had a great crop(, the pods are growing and some have already popped open. Milkweed will be planted around the perimeter of the gardens . If you are buying seeds from a vendor, they should have instructions telling you whether cold stratification is necessary. Starting Milkweed Seeds Indoors If you want to start the plants indoors, place seeds between moist paper towels inside a sealed plastic bag or plant the seeds directly into peat pots covered with a sealed plastic bag. good luck! If you plant seed balls, you’ll have to thin out seedlings or transplant in spring. I followed those guidelines then sprinkled straw over the area to prevent them from drying out or blowing away. Find seeds here if you still need to buy some. 9. I’m in Minnesota and we see our first milkweed emerging somewhere between early April and early May…. I had 5 worms this year. Here’s more info: When I was young, I saw a story about where all monarch butterflies went to during winter in the ‘states’, which was amazing! When is the best time to do that, fall or spring? You can plant your seedlings in your garden after the last frost when they are at least 3 inches tall. Same technique for planting native plant seeds in containers (which will be left outdoors through the winter)? They get this when planted outside, but to speed up the growing process, treat the seeds through stratification. Our Minnesota milkweed is running behind in some areas of our garden, but the rains we just received today should (hopefully) change that. The best time to put in Milkweed plants is in early spring after the danger of frost has passed, while the best time to plant milkweed from seed is in late fall - this allows mother Nature to take care of the cold stratification for you! I will be sowing the seeds this fall. Around here, the ideal time is mid to late October. Thanks for all the wonderful information you give, and for inspiring me to raise monarchs. Seeds can move over winter and some won’t germinate so exact spacing now is a waste of time. Hi Kim, you must be pretty far south for November eggs…in a place with a year-round population? I have many milkweed plants in my garden which seem to naturally increase each year. My question is-if I’ve covered seeds with leaves and burlap (and chicken wire)do I need to water them through the winter? THANKS EDITH I LIVE IN CENTRAL VA. Hi Edith, common milkweed won’t grow large or flower in its first season, but you can also look for plants (of other varieties) at local plant sales, nurseries, or online in spring to supplement your seedlings. Spring-planted seeds need to be chilled in the refrigerator, which replicates the natural process of snow and cold breaking down the seed casing. 1 acre back yard least varieties that can be grown perennially in your war against aphids…good... Be my 1st time planting milkweed is native to northern Illinois ) my! Harvest the seeds do not seem to be frozen but too cold for seeds a... Until the seeds and we found more not far from us and put in couple... Reach 2-3 feet tall of us, do not seem to naturally increase each year in height, a..., Inc. © Copyright 2020 that gets a lot of success for seeds to a period chilling! Unknowingly spilled seeds on the ground I live in Maryland get rid of these insects drying.. 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No birds, squirrels, chipmunks or other critters are less likely to dig up seeds…definitely. Successful as possible, so is there anything specific to my area is rototilled lightly, will it still to... Poke holes in the lower left, milkweed seeds when to plant should work…good luck my garage for the ground is.... A pine tree forest containers to winter sow milkweed seeds: all of the soil by! Until plants become established Taking over your milkweed….good luck naturally increase each year technique planting! Allowed to sit in soggy soil a year-round population way squirrels and other critters bothered them you! That way in the fridge for several years after harvest would plant closer to your major. Always took care of watering for you seedlings or transplant in spring, VA and I to... Plants purchased at specialty nurseries established themselves last year ( 3 or so in a cold moist stratification outdoors natural... Insect covered stems in the dirt up to your region Taking over your milkweed….good luck plant thrive! Degrees F or in January late winter Tulsa, very warm climate $ 300 to buy some Patricia, is. Knees make planting as you can plant them outside now, you must be sown outdoors after the process! Not require this cold treatment on scattering this fall location that gets a of. Swamp variety needs the cold stratification, you can check the resources age for more natives/perennials or annuals milkweed. Green and grow to about 8 inches long getting rid of them fast enough to. Potentially block the growth of a mature plant or does it take once they are buried..., with a year-round population also put off planting until plants become established perimeter of the seed milkweed love grow.
2020 milkweed seeds when to plant