atmosphere Article Changes in the Seasonality of Ethiopian Highlands Climate and Implications for Crop Growth Gashaw Bimrew Tarkegn 1 and Mark R. Jury 2,3,* 1 Agriculture Department, University of Bahir Dar, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia; gashbimrew@gmail.com 2 Physics Department, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, PR 00681, USA 3 Geography Department, University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa 3886, … by Bradfield Lyon, Tufa Dinku, Anita Raman and Madeleine Thomson Environmental Research Letters. Statistical evaluation of CMIP5 climate change model simulations for the Ethiopian highlands MarkR.Jurya,b* a University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa, South Africa b Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico The climate of the Choke Mountain watershed in the Upper Blue Nile Highlands is changing as the planet warms. 5; Rising temperatures have caused widespread infestations of the coffee berry borer beetle, 9 a pest that causes annual losses of roughly $500 million—and affects the … Res. However, as a result of climate change, Ethiopia’s average annual temperature increased by 1.3°C between 1960 and 2006. In other words, the proportion of blue and green water can vary greatly depending on location in the diverse Ethiopian Highlands. The country is administratively divided into nine regions. These hydrological Even in the hottest months (March to May), average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius). 1-14. We have compared hydro-climate change in the 20th century and projections in the 21st century , particularly with regard to the seasonal onset and cessation of conditions favoring crop phenology in the NW Ethiopian highlands. A. the Ethiopian Highlands B. the Sahel C. the Congo Basin D. the Drakensberg Range. Throughout the year, temperatures drop quickly once the sun goes down, and frosty mornings are common. Climate in Ethiopia Ethiopia has five climatic zones, characterized by altitude and temperature. Drought is the single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in Ethiopia. This study compares Climate Research Unit version 3 reference observations in the period 1980–2009 with Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Five (CMIP5)‐simulated climate patterns and trends over the Ethiopian highlands (7–14N, 36–40E) using the rcp6 scenario. The Ethiopian highlands are extremely heterogenous, with steep escarpments and deep valleys ().The highlands are known as “the roof of Africa” (in Africa the majority of land over 3000 m is found in Ethiopia) and reach 4533 m at the summit of Ras Dashen in the scenic world heritage Simien Mountains (Roberts et al., 2012).Most of the sub-Saharan Africa's Afroalpine ecosystem above 3200 … The climate of the Choke Mountain watershed in the Upper Blue Nile Highlands is changing as the planet warms. Report prepared for the Government of Ethiopia by ... 2.5 Climate 32 2.6 Hydrology 36 2.7 Soils 39 2.8 Vegetation 41 2.9 Wildlife 46 Chapter 3 SOCIAL RESOURCES AND ORGANIZATION 48 3.1 Social origins and composition 48 New data now show that increasing temperatures over the past 35 years are eroding this buffer, allowing conditions more favorable for malaria to begin climbing into highland areas. The study has aimed to reveal the livelihood dynamics of rural households in Ethiopia and their association with rainfall conditions and household socio-economic characteristics. In July and August, a longer rainy period arrives to turn the hillsides bright green. The highlands of Ethiopia are home to the majority of the country’s population, the cooler climate serving as a natural buffer against malaria transmission. Deforestation and land degradation in the Ethiopian highlands: A strategy for physical . The five major topographic features of the country are the Rift Valley, Western and Eastern Highlands… In the Ethiopian Highlands, the climate is mild year-round, but rain punctuates the year with surprising regularity. Studies by Debre Markos University show the area also faces severe land degradation due to human settlement, overgrazing, deforestation and unsustainable agricultural practices. For centuries, Ethiopian farmers have used the traditional Maresha plow to till their lands. The late Pleistocene (20,000–12,000 14 C years BP) was cold and dry, with (1) low lake levels in the Rift Valley, (2) large debris fans on the flanks of Lake Abhé basin, and (3) the Blue Nile transporting coarse bedload. Ethiopia is an ecologically diverse country; you can therefore expect several climate zones ranging from tropical savanna in the west to warm desert climate in the east. This paper presents a review of climate variability in the northeast Ethiopian Highlands, particularly Wollo and Tigray, during the last 10000 years (the Holocene) and an analysis of rainfall variability during the historical period. After 7,000 years of agriculture, the land is tiring out. In the Ethiopian Highlands, the heterogeneity of the seasonal climate, topography, soil, land cover, and land management cause different hydrological responses at catchment and basin level. The Ethiopian section of the Great Rift Valley runs north-east to south-west, from Eritrea to northern Kenya’s Lake Turkana, and much of the country’s northern, western, central and southern areas are dominated by a series of highlands collectively known as the Ethiopian Plateau. In other words, the red and blue outlines show where new pockets of the Ethiopian Highlands became more malaria-friendly over the past 30 years. From 1979 to 2005, the Ethiopian highlands saw a warming of 0.70 to 1.17° F (0.39 to 0.65° C). This study compares different methods of predicting crop-related climate in the Ethiopian highlands for the period 1979–2009. Lett. Statistical methods were applied to gauge-interpolated, reanalysis, and satellite data to detect the LGP annual cycle. Farmers can usually count on a small spring rain, just enough to germinate seeds. Of the nine regions, Africa RISING has been operating in the highlands of four (Amhara, Tigray, Oromia and Southern National Nationalities People (SNNP) regions). Sam will guide you through the magical heartland of Africa – travelling through Ethiopia you will enjoy the hospitality of incredible people and be enriched by the amazing history.Come with us and explore these unique dynamic environments on your Ethiopian travels. km. Dynamics of rural livelihoods and rainfall variability in Northern Ethiopian Highlands. The highlands of Ethiopia are home to the majority of the country’s population, the cooler climate serving as a natural buffer against malaria transmission. This review analyses the environmental evolution of the Ethiopian highlands in the late Quaternary. But this natural cycle has been disrupted in the Ethiopian Highlands, where much of the otherwise ample rainfall runs off the sloping hills sides, causing soil erosion and destruction. Absolutely dated tree-ring records offer the potential to extend our understanding of climate into the pre-instr … Historical droughts recorded in extended Juniperus procera ring-width chronologies from the Ethiopian Highlands Int J Biometeorol. Alarmingly, this is projected to increase by a further 3.1°C by the 2060s. recovery. But the Ethiopian Highlands are a place of problems, as well as mystery. Ethiopia has an extremely diverse topography, climate, culture, population distribution and market access. ETHIOPIAN FUNDS-IN-TRUST ETHIOPIAN HIGHLANDS RECLAMATION STUDY ETHIOPIA FINAL REPORT Volume 1. Abstract. Which of the following physical features is located in the highlands climate zone on the map above? 10. “Ethiopian 13 Months of Sunshine” The popular saying “Ethiopia-13 Months of Sunshine” is derived from Ethiopia’s all year round mild climate with a lot of warm sunshine and a calendar system that has 13 months. Most of the country is highland with many of its tourist destinations like Lalibela and Gondar are at an elevation above 2,000m (6,561ft). Estimates suggest climate change may reduce Ethiopia’s GDP up to 10 percent by 2045, primarily through impacts on … Then, R o values were estimated over the Ethiopian Highlands for current and future climates using both (1) observed time series of temperature data to identify the closest climate patterns among the 14 cities, and (2) annual temperatures in observed current and projected future climate (supplementary figure 8 and Methods). Ethiopian Highlands on farmers’ climate perceptions and adaptations using group dis-cussions and PRA tools. ... while siltation could affect the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam downstream. This study evaluates seasonal forecasts of rainfall and maximum temperature across the Ethiopian highlands from coupled ensemble models in the period 1981–2006, by comparison with gridded observational products (NMA + GPCC/CRU3). The capital of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, is located at an elevation of 7,726 feet, and as such its climate remains relatively cool throughout the year. Recent citations Comparative performance of rural water supplies during drought D. J. MacAllister et al-WASH conditions in a small town in Uganda: how safe are on-site facilities? Ethiopia is a landlocked country in East Africa occupying an area of 1,104,300 sq. We related these to climate data spanning 30 years (1981 to 2010), consisting of daily minimum temperature, maximum temperature and precipita-tion, modelled for the four communities using global databases and regional meteoro-logical data. The hot, arid zone: covers the desert lowlands below 500 meters, where typical annual rainfall is less than 395 millimeters and typical annual temperatures vary between … Welcome to Ethiopian Adventure Tours! Climate Risk Management, 25, pp. The country has one of the most rugged and complex topographies in the continent. The Ethiopian Highlands home, Ethiopia, is the only country in Africa never to have been colonized. We studied the combined effects of anthropogenic land-use change, past and future climate changes and mountain range isolation on the endemic Ethiopian Highlands long-eared bat, Plecotus balensis, an understudied bat that is restricted to the remnant natural high … 14 095003 View the article online for updates and enhancements. Temperature suitability for malaria climbing the Ethiopian Highlands. Ethiopian highlands To cite this article: A M MacDonald et al 2019 Environ. Climate variability already negatively impacts livelihoods and this is likely to continue. source: prezi.com. Early season forecasts from the coupled forecast system (CFS) are steadier than European community medium range forecast (ECMWF). A. Of rural households in Ethiopia the Choke Mountain watershed in the Upper Blue Nile Highlands is changing as planet! 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